The traditional third-person singular pronouns in English (e.g., he, she, his, her) explicitly mention the gender of the person. This can be problematic for some transgendered persons who hope to defy gender boundaries. It can also be problematic for some feminists who hope to minimize bias against women (e.g., with the use of “he” to include men and women). Pronouns Academic Transgendered Society.
- Wikipedia: In linguistics and grammar, a pronoun is a word that substitutes for a noun or noun phrase. It is a particular case of a pro-form.
- English personal pronouns
- Bulgarian pronouns - Bulgarian pronouns vary in gender, number, definiteness and case. They, more than any other part of speech, have preserved the proto-Slavic case system. Pronouns are classified as: personal, possessive, interrogative, demonstrative, reflexive, summative, negative, indefinite and relative.
- Cantonese pronouns - Pronouns in Cantonese are less numerous than their Indo-European languages counterparts. Cantonese uses pronouns that apply the same meaning to function as both subjective and objective just like many other Sinitic languages.
- Chinese pronouns - Chinese pronouns differ somewhat from pronouns in English and other Indo-European languages. For instance, there is no differentiation in the spoken language between "he", "she" and "it", and pronouns are not inflected to indicate whether they are the subject or object of a sentence.
- French pronouns - French pronouns are inflected to indicate their role in the sentence, as well as to reflect the person, gender, and number of their referents.
- German pronouns - German pronouns describe a set of German words with specific functions. As with other pronouns, they are frequently employed as the subject or object of a clause, acting as substitutes for nouns or noun phrases, but are also used in relative clauses to relate the main clause to a subordinate one.
- Parts of speech
- Learn Gender Exclusive Language www
Learn six strategies to avoid using gender-specific pronouns. Gender Exclusive Language.
- A Gender-Neutral Pronoun Frequently Asked Questions www
A discussion of gender-neutral/gender-free pronouns in English over the centuries, Pronoun Frequently Asked Questions, such as 'sie', 'hir', 'ey', 'zie', and singular their. Gender-Neutral Pronoun Frequently Asked Questions.
- The Viewpoints from Involvement -- "Thon" www
The history and usage of "thon" as a genderless pronoun derived from "that one" is described. Viewpoints from Involvement -- "Thon".
- Historical Philosophy of Language in Classical China www
Historical overview by Chad Hansen of interpretations of language in the major schools of philosophical thought in classical China (up to the Han dynasty). Philosophy of Language in Classical China.
- Article Structural Linguistics and Formal Semantics www
Article by Jaroslav Peregrin, Linguistics and Formal Semantics, discussing to what extent Chomsky's views displace Saussure's. Structural Linguistics and Formal Semantics.
- This Transtudies: An Online Course Project www
This guides to the study of gender differences and transgender expression in academic environments includes syllabi, Online Course Project, teaching suggestions, annotated bibliographies, student papers, and links. Transtudies: An Online Course Project.
- A Psychology of Gender Identity & Transgenderism www
A transsexual psychologist critiques the psychopathology of gender identity disorder and transvestic fetishism. Gender Identity & Transgenderism. She discusses personal experiences and scholarly topics in psychology, neuroscience, and sexology. Psychology of Gender Identity & Transgenderism.
- Alexa: Pronouns Academic
Alexa Directory Top Sites: Pronouns Academic
- DMOZ: Pronouns Academic
dmoz.org Directory: Pronouns Academic