Noahides are Gentiles (non-Jews) who follow what are called the Seven Noahide Laws. The laws are "Noahide" because the seventh was given to Noah. Thus these moral and religious laws are universally binding on all men and women, of every nation. Noahidism Religion and Spirituality Society.
According to the Book of Genesis, Noah and his three sons Shem, Ham, and Japheth survived the Flood aboard the Ark, along with their wives. (wikipedia)
- Wikipedia: Noahidism or Noachidism is a monotheistic ideology based on the Seven Laws of Noah, and on their traditional interpretations within Rabbinic Judaism. According to Jewish law, non-Jews are not obligated to convert to Judaism, but they are required to observe the Seven Laws of Noah to be assured of a place in the World to Come, the final reward of the righteous. The divinely ordained penalty for violating any of these Noahide Laws is discussed in the Talmud, but in practical terms that is subject to the working legal system that is established by the society at large. Those who subscribe to the observance of these commandments are referred to as Bene Noach, Children of Noah, Noahides, or Noahites. Supporting organizations have been established around the world over the past decades, by either Noahides or observant Jews.
- Ger toshav - Ger toshav is a term in Judaism for a gentile living in the Land of Israel who accepts upon him/herself the Noahide Laws and certain other religious and cultural traditions under Jewish law. A ger toshav is therefore commonly deemed a righteous gentile.
- Haredi Judaism - Haredi Judaism is a broad spectrum of groups within Orthodox Judaism, all characterized by a rejection of modern secular culture. Its members are often referred to as strictly Orthodox or ultra-Orthodox in English, although the term "ultra-Orthodox" is considered pejorative by many of its adherents.
- Hasidic Judaism - Hasidism, sometimes Hasidic Judaism, is a Jewish religious group. It arose as a spiritual revival movement in contemporary Western Ukraine during the 18th century, and spread rapidly throughout Eastern Europe. Today, most affiliates reside in the United States, Israel, and the United Kingdom.
- Judaizers - Judaizers is a term for Christians who decide to adopt Jewish customs and practices such as, primarily, the Law of Moses. They are distinct from Jewish Christians in that they were not originally Jewish, though often consider themselves descended from various lost tribes of Israel.
- Proselyte - The biblical term "proselyte" is an anglicization of the Koine Greek term ??????????, as used in the Septuagint for "stranger", i.e. a "newcomer to Israel"; a "sojourner in the land", and in the Greek New Testament for a first century convert to Judaism, generally from Ancient Greek religion.
- Righteous among the Nations - Righteous Among the Nations is an honorific used by the State of Israel to describe non-Jews who risked their lives during the Holocaust to save Jews from extermination by the Nazis.
- Jewish religious movements
- Chabad-Lubavitch (Hasidic dynasty)