Urban legends are realistic stories concerning recent events or alleged events with an ironic or supernatural twist; urban beliefs or rumours are reports of such events that lack the storyline of the urban legend. Urban legends and beliefs spread not only through word of mouth, but also through the internet in the form of e-rumours, chain letters, and e-mail and computer virus hoaxes. Urban Legends Literature Folklore Society.
An urban legend, popular legend, urban myth, urban tale or contemporary legend is a form of modern folklore consisting of fictional stories, often with macabre elements deeply rooted in local popular culture. (wikipedia)
- Wikipedia: An urban legend, urban myth, urban tale, or contemporary legend is a form of modern folklore. It usually consists of fictional stories, often presented as true, with macabre or humorous elements, rooted in local popular culture. These legends can be used for entertainment purposes, as well as semi-serious explanations for random events such as disappearances and strange objects.
- Hoax - A hoax is a falsehood deliberately fabricated to masquerade as the truth. It is distinguishable from errors in observation or judgment, rumors, urban legends, pseudosciences, and April Fools' Day events that are passed along in good faith by believers or as jokes.
- Creepypasta - Creepypastas are horror-related legends or images that have been copy-and-pasted around the Internet. These Internet entries are often brief, user-generated, paranormal stories intended to scare readers. They include gruesome tales of murder, suicide, and otherworldly occurrences.
- Factoid - A factoid is either a false or spurious statement presented as a fact or a true, but brief or trivial, item of news or information.
- Japanese urban legend - Japanese urban legends are enduring modern Japanese folktales of either...
- Superstition - Superstition is a pejorative term for any belief or practice that is irrational - i.e., it arises from ignorance, a misunderstanding of science or causality, a positive belief in fate or magic, or fear of that which is unknown.
- Woozle effect - The Woozle effect, also known as evidence by citation, or a woozle, occurs when frequent citation of previous publications that lack evidence misleads individuals, groups, and the public into thinking or believing there is evidence, and nonfacts become urban myths and factoids.
- Fringe theory
- Children's street culture
- Traditional stories
- Public opinion
- The Urban Legends & Superstitions Online www
The most popular urban legends and superstitions including local legends based in New Jersey. Urban Legends & Superstitions Online.
- Information Hoax-Slayer www
Information about email hoaxes; includes weekly newsletter, Hoax-Slayer, archives and list of the latest email hoaxes. Hoax-Slayer.
- Submitted Urban Myths & Legends www
Submitted stories and other fantastic messages. Urban Myths & Legends.
- Articles, About.com: Urban Legends and Folklore www
Articles, Urban Legends and Folklore, links, and an archive of urban and internet folklore. About.com: Urban Legends and Folklore.
- Devoted theFolklorist.com www
Devoted to American folklore and urban legends. theFolklorist.com.
- Attempts Snopes.com Urban Legends Reference Pages www
Attempts to give accurate information about rumors and urban legends on a variety of topics, Urban Legends Reference Pages, including war, business, events, toxins, science, military, popular culture. Snopes.com Urban Legends Reference Pages.
- Gazette Weird USA www
Gazette of urban legends and beliefs, USA, as well as ghost sightings and hauntings. Weird USA.
- Essay The Cat in Urban Mythology www
Essay by Sarah Hartwell discussing the images of the cat in urban legends. The Cat in Urban Mythology.
- Transcript Jan Harold Brunvand www
Transcript of an interview with folklorist Jan Harold Brunvand, Harold Brunvand, author of "Too Good to be True - The Colossal Book of Urban Legends." Jan Harold Brunvand.
- Documents Christian Urban Legends www
Documents known urban legends and pious frauds. Christian Urban Legends.
- Debunking Don't Spread That Hoax! www
Debunking hoaxes as well as urban legends that spread on the internet. Don't Spread That Hoax!.
- Large Hoax Busters www
Large alphabetical list debunking internet hoaxes, Busters, scams, and e-mail chain letters. Hoax Busters.
- E-zine Envasion: Making Paranoia Fun Again www
E-zine dedicated to urban legends, Making Paranoia Fun Again, paranoia, and conspiracy theories. Envasion: Making Paranoia Fun Again.
- A Tourist Of Death www
A site maintaining the history of the WTC Rooftop Tourist picture hoax, Death, and all copycat pictures resulting from the original picture. Tourist Of Death.
- Cautionary Darwin Awards Urban Legends www
Cautionary tales of human evolution in action that are simply too astounding to be true. Darwin Awards Urban Legends.
- What HowStuffWorks: How Urban Legends Work www
What they are, How Urban Legends Work, where they come from, and why they spread so quickly. HowStuffWorks: How Urban Legends Work.
- Official Dr. Jan Harold Brunvand www
Official site of the folklorist who wrote several books on urban legends beginning with "The Vanishing Hitchhiker". Jan Harold Brunvand. Features personal and professional information, works, and a FAQ. Dr. Jan Harold Brunvand.
- Urban NetScrap.com: Urban Folklore www
Urban legends and beliefs gathered from across the net. NetScrap.com: Urban Folklore.
- Collection The Urban Legend Combat Kit www
Collection of prepared responses to refute oft cited internet myths and urban legends. The Urban Legend Combat Kit.
- A Urban Legends: An Electronic Art Exhibit www
A virtual gallery of multimedia artistic representations of urban legends, Legends: An Electronic Art Exhibit, by Sarah Wichlacz. Urban Legends: An Electronic Art Exhibit.
- Small Calypso's Urban Legends www
Small collection of famous urban legends. Calypso's Urban Legends.
- A The Museum of Hoaxes www
A reference guide to hoaxes, Museum of Hoaxes, pranks, practical jokes, frauds, tricks, and other forms of deception. The Museum of Hoaxes.
- Updates BellaOnline: Urban Legends www
Updates on the newest urban legends, Urban Legends, plus articles on the classics. BellaOnline: Urban Legends.
- Article The Horse and the Maiden: An Urban Legend in Ancient Athens www
Article by Lowell Edmunds, Horse and the Maiden: An Urban Legend in Ancient Athens, Rutgers University. The Horse and the Maiden: An Urban Legend in Ancient Athens.
- Dispels Is the Hotel California in the Eagles' song located in Todos Santos, Mexico? www
Dispels the myth that this Eagles song was written about an hotel in Todos Santos, the Hotel California in the Eagles' song located in Todos Santos, Mexico?, Mexico. Is the Hotel California in the Eagles' song located in Todos Santos, Mexico?.
- A Common E-mail Hoaxes www
A list of some of the more popular internet hoaxes, E-mail Hoaxes, urban legends, rumors, and junk, circulated through your email. Common E-mail Hoaxes.
- Variants "The Hook..." www
Variants and analysis of this classic urban legend. "The Hook...".
- Help Break the Chain www
Help stop the spread of junk e-mail and misinformation with a library of tips, the Chain, extensive research archive, and the visitor's forum. Break the Chain.
- An Chain letters and how to defeat them www
An "anti-chain letter" suitable for use in replying to chain letters. letters and how to defeat them. Also other chain-letter-fighting resources and links to humorous anti-chain letter sites. Chain letters and how to defeat them.
- Story The Register - The Persistence of Hoax www
Story about old computer virus hoaxes and how people still fall for them. The Register - The Persistence of Hoax.
- Listing Indiana University Knowledge Base www
Listing a number of famous virus hoaxes. Indiana University Knowledge Base.
- Includes Serendipity www
Includes a wide variety of conspiracy theories. Serendipity.
- Essays Weirdload www
Essays from the edge, Weirdload, covering secrets and conspiracies from those involving the Roman Catholic Church to UFOs, space and metaphysics. Weirdload.
- Description Cow Tipping at UC-Davis www
Description of cow tipping and student discussion on the subject. Cow Tipping at UC-Davis.
- Examines Wikipedia: Cow Tipping www
Examines the evidence that cow tipping is an urban myth. Wikipedia: Cow Tipping.
- Founded The Monroe Institute www
Founded by Robert Monroe, Monroe Institute, out-of-body book author and inventor of Hemi-Sync audio technology, pioneers consciousness research, exploration, training, and applications with binaural beat sound. The Monroe Institute.
- This The Time Travel Tale of John Titor www
This site contains the posts of a time traveler describing the year 2036. Time Travel Tale of John Titor. Includes photos of his reported time machine. The Time Travel Tale of John Titor.
- The Spud Server www
The potato powered web server hoax that fooled USA Today and the BBC. Spud Server.
- Discussion Skeptic's Dictionary: Frauds and Hoaxes www
Discussion of 22 hoaxes, Dictionary: Frauds and Hoaxes, including Cardiff Giant, crop circles, and the Philadelphia Experiment Skeptic's Dictionary: Frauds and Hoaxes.
- Online Folklore Home Page www
Online course materials offered by the College of Siskiyous. Folklore Home Page.
- On-line The Encyclopedia Mythica www
On-line encyclopedia on mythology, Encyclopedia Mythica, folklore, and legend, containing definitions of deities, fabulous creatures and places, as well as images and stories. The Encyclopedia Mythica.
- Alexa: Urban Legends Literature
Alexa Directory Top Sites: Urban Legends Literature
- DMOZ: Urban Legends Literature
dmoz.org Directory: Urban Legends Literature