Urban legends are realistic stories concerning recent events or alleged events with an ironic or supernatural twist; urban beliefs or rumours are reports of such events that lack the storyline of the urban legend. Urban legends and beliefs spread not only through word of mouth, but also through the internet in the form of e-rumours, chain letters, and e-mail and computer virus hoaxes. Urban Legends Literature Folklore Society.
An urban legend, popular legend, urban myth, urban tale or contemporary legend is a form of modern folklore consisting of fictional stories, often with macabre elements deeply rooted in local popular culture. (wikipedia)
- Wikipedia: An urban legend, urban myth, urban tale, or contemporary legend is a form of modern folklore. It usually consists of fictional stories, often presented as true, with macabre or humorous elements, rooted in local popular culture. These legends can be used for entertainment purposes, as well as semi-serious explanations for random events such as disappearances and strange objects.
- Hoax - A hoax is a falsehood deliberately fabricated to masquerade as the truth. It is distinguishable from errors in observation or judgment, rumors, urban legends, pseudosciences, and April Fools' Day events that are passed along in good faith by believers or as jokes.
- Creepypasta - Creepypastas are horror-related legends or images that have been copy-and-pasted around the Internet. These Internet entries are often brief, user-generated, paranormal stories intended to scare readers. They include gruesome tales of murder, suicide, and otherworldly occurrences.
- Factoid - A factoid is either a false or spurious statement presented as a fact or a true, but brief or trivial, item of news or information.
- Japanese urban legend - Japanese urban legends are enduring modern Japanese folktales of either...
- Superstition - Superstition is a pejorative term for any belief or practice that is considered irrational: for example, if it arises from ignorance, a misunderstanding of science or causality, a positive belief in fate or magic, or fear of that which is unknown.
- Woozle effect - The Woozle effect, also known as evidence by citation, or a woozle, occurs when frequent citation of previous publications that lack evidence misleads individuals, groups, and the public into thinking or believing there is evidence, and nonfacts become urban myths and factoids.
- Fringe theory
- Children's street culture
- Traditional stories
- Public opinion
- Vmyths www
Computer virus myths, Vmyths, hoaxes, urban beliefs, hysteria, and the implications of believing in them, with historical data, theories on the spread of virus myths, and descriptions of popular virus misconceptions.
- Small Calypso's Urban Legends www
Small collection of famous urban legends. Calypso's Urban Legends.
- Official Dr. Jan Harold Brunvand www
Official site of the folklorist who wrote several books on urban legends beginning with "The Vanishing Hitchhiker". Jan Harold Brunvand. Features personal and professional information, works, and a FAQ. Dr. Jan Harold Brunvand.
- Attempts Snopes.com Urban Legends Reference Pages www
Attempts to give accurate information about rumors and urban legends on a variety of topics, Urban Legends Reference Pages, including war, business, events, toxins, science, military, popular culture. Snopes.com Urban Legends Reference Pages.
- Cautionary Darwin Awards Urban Legends www
Cautionary tales of human evolution in action that are simply too astounding to be true. Darwin Awards Urban Legends.
- Dispels Is the Hotel California in the Eagles' song located in Todos Santos, Mexico? www
Dispels the myth that this Eagles song was written about an hotel in Todos Santos, the Hotel California in the Eagles' song located in Todos Santos, Mexico?, Mexico. Is the Hotel California in the Eagles' song located in Todos Santos, Mexico?.
- Debunking Don't Spread That Hoax! www
Debunking hoaxes as well as urban legends that spread on the internet. Don't Spread That Hoax!.
- A The Museum of Hoaxes www
A reference guide to hoaxes, Museum of Hoaxes, pranks, practical jokes, frauds, tricks, and other forms of deception. The Museum of Hoaxes.
- Devoted theFolklorist.com www
Devoted to American folklore and urban legends. theFolklorist.com.
- Updates BellaOnline: Urban Legends www
Updates on the newest urban legends, Urban Legends, plus articles on the classics. BellaOnline: Urban Legends.
- Submitted Urban Myths & Legends www
Submitted stories and other fantastic messages. Urban Myths & Legends.
- Documents Christian Urban Legends www
Documents known urban legends and pious frauds. Christian Urban Legends.
- The Urban Legends & Superstitions Online www
The most popular urban legends and superstitions including local legends based in New Jersey. Urban Legends & Superstitions Online.
- Variants "The Hook..." www
Variants and analysis of this classic urban legend. "The Hook...".
- Article The Horse and the Maiden: An Urban Legend in Ancient Athens www
Article by Lowell Edmunds, Horse and the Maiden: An Urban Legend in Ancient Athens, Rutgers University. The Horse and the Maiden: An Urban Legend in Ancient Athens.
- Urban NetScrap.com: Urban Folklore www
Urban legends and beliefs gathered from across the net. NetScrap.com: Urban Folklore.
- Transcript Jan Harold Brunvand www
Transcript of an interview with folklorist Jan Harold Brunvand, Harold Brunvand, author of "Too Good to be True - The Colossal Book of Urban Legends." Jan Harold Brunvand.
- Essay The Cat in Urban Mythology www
Essay by Sarah Hartwell discussing the images of the cat in urban legends. The Cat in Urban Mythology.
- E-zine Envasion: Making Paranoia Fun Again www
E-zine dedicated to urban legends, Making Paranoia Fun Again, paranoia, and conspiracy theories. Envasion: Making Paranoia Fun Again.
- Collection The Urban Legend Combat Kit www
Collection of prepared responses to refute oft cited internet myths and urban legends. The Urban Legend Combat Kit.
- Large Hoax Busters www
Large alphabetical list debunking internet hoaxes, Busters, scams, and e-mail chain letters. Hoax Busters.
- A Common E-mail Hoaxes www
A list of some of the more popular internet hoaxes, E-mail Hoaxes, urban legends, rumors, and junk, circulated through your email. Common E-mail Hoaxes.
- Articles, About.com: Urban Legends and Folklore www
Articles, Urban Legends and Folklore, links, and an archive of urban and internet folklore. About.com: Urban Legends and Folklore.
- What HowStuffWorks: How Urban Legends Work www
What they are, How Urban Legends Work, where they come from, and why they spread so quickly. HowStuffWorks: How Urban Legends Work.
- Gazette Weird USA www
Gazette of urban legends and beliefs, USA, as well as ghost sightings and hauntings. Weird USA.
- A Tourist Of Death www
A site maintaining the history of the WTC Rooftop Tourist picture hoax, Death, and all copycat pictures resulting from the original picture. Tourist Of Death.
- A Urban Legends: An Electronic Art Exhibit www
A virtual gallery of multimedia artistic representations of urban legends, Legends: An Electronic Art Exhibit, by Sarah Wichlacz. Urban Legends: An Electronic Art Exhibit.
- Information Hoax-Slayer www
Information about email hoaxes; includes weekly newsletter, Hoax-Slayer, archives and list of the latest email hoaxes. Hoax-Slayer.
- Extensive Chain Letter Evolution www
Extensive history of chain letters. Letter Evolution. Focus on paper good/bad luck chain letters since 1900 and the origin of money chain letters. Chain Letter Evolution.
- "Each Make-a-Wish Chain Letters www
"Each day, Chain Letters, the Make-A-Wish Foundation and its chapters receive hundreds of inquiries about chain letters claiming to be associated with the Foundation and featuring sick children. However, we do not participate in these kinds of wishes." Make-a-Wish Chain Letters.
- Alphabetically About.com: Hoax Information Center www
Alphabetically organized descriptions of computer virus hoaxes, Hoax Information Center, past and present. About.com: Hoax Information Center.
- Exposes Xenophobic Persecution in the U.K. www
Exposes an MI5 operation of illegal harassment through the UK media, Persecution in the U.K., public molestation, and verbal abuse. Xenophobic Persecution in the U.K..
- Exposing The History of the Conspiracy Against Tobacco www
Exposing the Morgan, History of the Conspiracy Against Tobacco, CIA, and Bones-connected elite that forces health fascism down the world's throat. The History of the Conspiracy Against Tobacco.
- Several The Straight Dope: Is There Really Such a Thing as Cow Tipping? www
Several viewpoints critique the idea of cow tipping. Straight Dope: Is There Really Such a Thing as Cow Tipping?. The Straight Dope: Is There Really Such a Thing as Cow Tipping?.
- A The Statics of Cow Tipping www
A look into the physics of trying to tip a cow. The Statics of Cow Tipping.
- Investigates Ellis C Taylor www
Investigates and highlights sinister occult aspects to serious crimes and events around the world. Taylor. Other specialty subjects include UFOs and the unexplained, predictions, animal welfare and conspiracies. Ellis C Taylor.
- A Parascientfica.com www
A resource for the paranormal, Parascientfica.com, with news items, glossary and forums. Parascientfica.com.
- Offers History Buff : "Hoaxes in Journalism" Articles www
Offers six articles on hoaxes, Buff : "Hoaxes in Journalism" Articles, including petrification hoaxes and the day they almost sawed off Manhattan. History Buff : "Hoaxes in Journalism" Articles.
- Discusses Cliff Pickover's Internet Encyclopedia of Hoaxes www
Discusses a number of scientific and medical hoaxes, Pickover's Internet Encyclopedia of Hoaxes, including Mary Toft and the Rabbit Babies (about which he authored a book). Includes links and images. Cliff Pickover's Internet Encyclopedia of Hoaxes.
- Stories Mysteries of Canada www
Stories of mysterious Canadian history, Canada, geography, myths, and legends. Features searchable story index, investigator profiles, researcher tips, and links of interest. Mysteries of Canada.
- Online Folklore www
Online course materials by Mary Magoulick, Folklore, Georgia College and State University. Folklore.
- Alexa: Urban Legends Literature
Alexa Directory Top Sites: Urban Legends Literature
- DMOZ: Urban Legends Literature
dmoz.org Directory: Urban Legends Literature