Urban legends are realistic stories concerning recent events or alleged events with an ironic or supernatural twist; urban beliefs or rumours are reports of such events that lack the storyline of the urban legend. Urban legends and beliefs spread not only through word of mouth, but also through the internet in the form of e-rumours, chain letters, and e-mail and computer virus hoaxes. Urban Legends Literature Folklore Society.
An urban legend, popular legend, urban myth, urban tale or contemporary legend is a form of modern folklore consisting of fictional stories, often with macabre elements deeply rooted in local popular culture. (wikipedia)
- Wikipedia: An urban legend, urban myth, urban tale, or contemporary legend is a form of modern folklore. It usually consists of fictional stories, often presented as true, with macabre or humorous elements, rooted in local popular culture. These legends can be used for entertainment purposes, as well as semi-serious explanations for random events such as disappearances and strange objects.
- Creepypasta - Creepypastas are horror-related legends or images that have been copy-and-pasted around the Internet. These Internet entries are often brief, user-generated, paranormal stories intended to scare readers. They include gruesome tales of murder, suicide, and otherworldly occurrences.
- Factoid - A factoid is either a false or spurious statement presented as a fact or a true, but brief or trivial, item of news or information.
- Japanese urban legend - Japanese urban legends are enduring modern Japanese folktales of either...
- Superstition - Superstition is any belief or practice that is irrational - i.e., it arises from ignorance, a misunderstanding of science or causality, a positive belief in fate or magic, or fear of that which is unknown. "Superstition" also refers to religious beliefs or actions arising from irrationality.
- Woozle effect - The Woozle effect, also known as evidence by citation, or a woozle, occurs when frequent citation of previous publications that lack evidence misleads individuals, groups and the public into thinking or believing there is evidence, and nonfacts become urban myths and factoids.
- Fringe theory
- Children's street culture
- Traditional stories
- Public opinion
- Urban legends
- Articles, About.com: Urban Legends and Folklore www
Articles, Urban Legends and Folklore, links, and an archive of urban and internet folklore. About.com: Urban Legends and Folklore.
- Updates BellaOnline: Urban Legends www
Updates on the newest urban legends, Urban Legends, plus articles on the classics. BellaOnline: Urban Legends.
- Urban NetScrap.com: Urban Folklore www
Urban legends and beliefs gathered from across the net. NetScrap.com: Urban Folklore.
- A Urban Legends: An Electronic Art Exhibit www
A virtual gallery of multimedia artistic representations of urban legends, Legends: An Electronic Art Exhibit, by Sarah Wichlacz. Urban Legends: An Electronic Art Exhibit.
- Documents Christian Urban Legends www
Documents known urban legends and pious frauds. Christian Urban Legends.
- Debunking Don't Spread That Hoax! www
Debunking hoaxes as well as urban legends that spread on the internet. Don't Spread That Hoax!.
- Attempts Snopes.com Urban Legends Reference Pages www
Attempts to give accurate information about rumors and urban legends on a variety of topics, Urban Legends Reference Pages, including war, business, events, toxins, science, military, popular culture. Snopes.com Urban Legends Reference Pages.
- A Tourist Of Death www
A site maintaining the history of the WTC Rooftop Tourist picture hoax, Death, and all copycat pictures resulting from the original picture. Tourist Of Death.
- Transcript Jan Harold Brunvand www
Transcript of an interview with folklorist Jan Harold Brunvand, Harold Brunvand, author of "Too Good to be True - The Colossal Book of Urban Legends." Jan Harold Brunvand.
- E-zine Envasion: Making Paranoia Fun Again www
E-zine dedicated to urban legends, Making Paranoia Fun Again, paranoia, and conspiracy theories. Envasion: Making Paranoia Fun Again.
- Devoted theFolklorist.com www
Devoted to American folklore and urban legends. theFolklorist.com.
- Large Hoax Busters www
Large alphabetical list debunking internet hoaxes, Busters, scams, and e-mail chain letters. Hoax Busters.
- What HowStuffWorks: How Urban Legends Work www
What they are, How Urban Legends Work, where they come from, and why they spread so quickly. HowStuffWorks: How Urban Legends Work.
- Dispels Is the Hotel California in the Eagles' song located in Todos Santos, Mexico? www
Dispels the myth that this Eagles song was written about an hotel in Todos Santos, the Hotel California in the Eagles' song located in Todos Santos, Mexico?, Mexico. Is the Hotel California in the Eagles' song located in Todos Santos, Mexico?.
- A The Museum of Hoaxes www
A reference guide to hoaxes, Museum of Hoaxes, pranks, practical jokes, frauds, tricks, and other forms of deception. The Museum of Hoaxes.
- Collection The Urban Legend Combat Kit www
Collection of prepared responses to refute oft cited internet myths and urban legends. The Urban Legend Combat Kit.
- Variants "The Hook..." www
Variants and analysis of this classic urban legend. "The Hook...".
- Submitted Urban Myths & Legends www
Submitted stories and other fantastic messages. Urban Myths & Legends.
- Information Hoax-Slayer www
Information about email hoaxes; includes weekly newsletter, Hoax-Slayer, archives and list of the latest email hoaxes. Hoax-Slayer.
- The Urban Legends & Superstitions Online www
The most popular urban legends and superstitions including local legends based in New Jersey. Urban Legends & Superstitions Online.
- A Common E-mail Hoaxes www
A list of some of the more popular internet hoaxes, E-mail Hoaxes, urban legends, rumors, and junk, circulated through your email. Common E-mail Hoaxes.
- Essay The Cat in Urban Mythology www
Essay by Sarah Hartwell discussing the images of the cat in urban legends. The Cat in Urban Mythology.
- Cautionary Darwin Awards Urban Legends www
Cautionary tales of human evolution in action that are simply too astounding to be true. Darwin Awards Urban Legends.
- Gazette Weird USA www
Gazette of urban legends and beliefs, USA, as well as ghost sightings and hauntings. Weird USA.
- Article The Horse and the Maiden: An Urban Legend in Ancient Athens www
Article by Lowell Edmunds, Horse and the Maiden: An Urban Legend in Ancient Athens, Rutgers University. The Horse and the Maiden: An Urban Legend in Ancient Athens.
- Official Dr. Jan Harold Brunvand www
Official site of the folklorist who wrote several books on urban legends beginning with "The Vanishing Hitchhiker". Jan Harold Brunvand. Features personal and professional information, works, and a FAQ. Dr. Jan Harold Brunvand.
- Small Calypso's Urban Legends www
Small collection of famous urban legends. Calypso's Urban Legends.
- Anti-chainmail Kill The Chain www
Anti-chainmail site with archive, The Chain, forum, and satire. Kill The Chain.
- Help Break the Chain www
Help stop the spread of junk e-mail and misinformation with a library of tips, the Chain, extensive research archive, and the visitor's forum. Break the Chain.
- Presenting How to Spot a Virus Hoax www
Presenting a simple generic system to aid in analyzing virus warnings and showing how to handle a false virus warning. How to Spot a Virus Hoax.
- Uncovering Symantec: Hoaxes www
Uncovering hoaxes that usually arrive in the form of an email, Hoaxes, or promotions that sound too good to be true. Symantec: Hoaxes.
- Monitoring Freemasonry Watch www
Monitoring the invisible Empire, Watch, the world's largest secret society. Freemasonry Watch.
- Includes Serendipity www
Includes a wide variety of conspiracy theories. Serendipity.
- Examines Wikipedia: Cow Tipping www
Examines the evidence that cow tipping is an urban myth. Wikipedia: Cow Tipping.
- Shows Cow Tipping Machine www
Shows how cows are mechanically tipped for hoof maintenance. Cow Tipping Machine.
- Dealing Mystical Blaze www
Dealing with the exploration of paranormal topics, Blaze, including ghosts, psychics, afterlife, and UFO's. Mystical Blaze.
- Submit, Subconscious Perception www
Submit, Perception, share and view great stories, dreams and experiences. Subconscious Perception.
- Offers History Buff : "Hoaxes in Journalism" Articles www
Offers six articles on hoaxes, Buff : "Hoaxes in Journalism" Articles, including petrification hoaxes and the day they almost sawed off Manhattan. History Buff : "Hoaxes in Journalism" Articles.
- Loren Mothman Death List www
Loren Coleman links certain dates, Death List, disasters and deaths from 1966 to the present time to the Mothman Curse. Also provides information on cryptozoology and discusses some unknown creatures encountered around the world. Mothman Death List.
- On-line The Encyclopedia Mythica www
On-line encyclopedia on mythology, Encyclopedia Mythica, folklore, and legend, containing definitions of deities, fabulous creatures and places, as well as images and stories. The Encyclopedia Mythica.
- Extensive The Gold Scales www
Extensive collection of traditional and modern wisdom, Gold Scales, tales and lore (in Norwegian and English). The Gold Scales.
- Alexa: Urban Legends Literature
Alexa Directory Top Sites: Urban Legends Literature
- DMOZ: Urban Legends Literature
dmoz.org Directory: Urban Legends Literature